A crisis refers to a situation deviating from the normal situation. In crises, the risk increases that damages of protected goods may incur or have already incurred which cannot be mastered with a standard operational and organisational structure.

Crisis Communications

As crisis communications refer to the exchange of information and opinions during the crisis. The crisis communication targets at avoiding or mitigating damages to protected goods. To make the crisis communication work all conditions and responsibilities need to be...

Crisis Management

The crisis management comprises a operational and strategic package of measures with the help of which a crisis might be avoided, to get prepared on a crisis as well as to discern, manage and evaluate a crisis. The creation of a conceptional, organisational and...

Critical Infrastructures (German abbreviation: KRITIS)

Critical infrastructures (German abbreviation KRITIS) are organisations and institutions with significant importance for the community. In case of failure or an impairment of critical infrastructures, substantial supply bottlenecks, disturbances of public security or...

Critical Process

Critical (business)processes are all those tasks with high importance for either the value and the institutions. Critical processes can be devided into four classification levels: uncritical, less critical, critical and high-critical. A classification by means of...

Critical Services

Critical services comprise products and services that are vital for the population. If a damage incurs, considerable shorfalls or the disturbance of public order and safety are to be expected.


The criticality is a relative measure for the significance of an infrastructure. This specially concerns the consequences of a functional failure or a disruption for the security of the population.

Cross-country Crisis Management Exercise – LÜKEX

A cross-country crisis management exercise (in short LÜKEX) refers to a strategic staff exercise taking place on regular basis and that was introduced in 2004. Based on various crisis scenarious (e.g. a pandemic), it is used to train federal and state-level crisis...

Cultural Asset

By definition, cultural assets are moveable and unmoveable goods which are of great important for the cultural heritage of a nation, constructions in which movable cultural heritage is stored or should be stored as well as locations that contain many of the goods...

Cumulative Effect

The cumulative effect expresses how the security demand of an IT-system may rise if by cumulation of (smaller) damages a more severe damage comes about. A cumulative effect is also caused if several IT-applications are running respectively processed on a system.